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Environmental Diplomacy

by on May 17, 2013



Acting on environmental issues is a major challenge faced by the governments because of factors such as the difficulties in negotiating an effective international agreement, the densities caused by the global financial crisis, and the government hesitation of taking actions which may potentially have contrary effects on competitiveness. Those outlined limitations of state based actors are the ones that have steered an increase in the role of the non-state actors.

Ever since the creation of an international environmental agenda in the early 1970s, states and intergovernmental institutions have been at the centre of global governance. However starting from 1980s non -state actors have become more and more able to operate at different levels, from local to regional and global, they are seen as more effective and efficient, mainly due to the difficulties and slowness in diplomatic procedures when reaching an agreement.

Nowadays the issue of climate change has become more and more opened and prominent for discussion. NGOs are the ones who spread facts and statistics to the word and since climate change is a threat which affects the whole population, people are becoming more keen on familiarising themselves with the problem, as well as putting more demand on governments to act. Climate change is on the agenda for quite a large number of countries nowadays. The 2009 Copenhagen Summit spurred a lot of manifestations and demonstrations across the world and in London alone, the Wave demonstration gathered around 20,000-40,000 people.[1]  Environmental diplomacy has an influence domestically and internationally and NGOs have the ability to negotiate, provide policy advice and exchange information in order to achieve their aim in conferences and address issues which have not been given enough light by the state actors.





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